Analogy Practice Lists

An analogy identifies a similarity between like features of two different things by requiring students to identify a relationship between a pair of words. Word analogy practice lessons focus students’ attention on that relationship by providing a frame for the comparison. Once the relationship has been determined between the first set of words, that relationship is used to compare the next two, building on prior vocabulary word knowledge. Read on to learn more about our analogies lists hand how we can give you students the analogies help they need to thrive!

In addition, analogy word study can help prepare students for standardized tests as it increases reasoning skills. VocabularySpellingCity’s premade analogy lists are an ideal supplemental material for analogy practice lessons and word study. Leveled lists can be used with interactive learning games and activities or printable worksheets to achieve analogy mastery. VocabularySpellingCity also provides instructional videos, perfect to use during an introductory analogy lesson.


Analogies Sample List
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Analogies | Analogy Types


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Teaching Analogy Practice

Although the term “analogy” does not appear in the ELA Common Core State Standards until the 7th grade, word analogies can be introduced to vocabulary lists at an earlier age. An elementary analogies list may include simple synonym and antonym analogies. As students expand their vocabulary, analogies become more complex. Middle and high school analogies may focus more on analogical reasoning – comparing similarities between new and understood concepts (creation is to destruction as joy is to tragedy).

Practicing Anologies

VocabularySpellingCity’s instructional videos, located on the bottom of the page, are an excellent resource to review analogies and the different types of analogies. K-12 teachers can import VocabularySpellingCity’s leveled analogy word lists for further analogy practice. Each analogy word is programmed to have a corresponding sentence using the “___ is to ___ as ___ is to ___” format. For example, the middle school word gigantic uses the sentence Large is to gigantic as small is to microscopic.

Word analogy lists are best used with learning games like MatchIt Sentences or WhichWord? Sentences, where students can insert the correct word into the analogy. As an extension activity for analogy practice, students can write their own analogy sentence using Sentence Writing Practice.

Analogies for teaching and testing are typically written using special notation with colons. So, the analogy in is to out as up is to ___ would be written: in:out::up: ___. The word that completes this analogy is “down.”

What Words go on an Analogies List?

The following list features different types of analogies using the special notation:

  • Synonym (happy : joyful :: sad : depressed)
  • Antonym (inflation : deflation :: frail : strong)
  • Characteristic (tropical : hot :: polar : cold)
  • Part/Whole (finger : hand :: petal : flower)
  • Degree (mist : fog :: drizzle : tropical storm)
  • Type (golden retriever : dog :: salmon : fish)
  • Tool/Worker (pen : writer :: voice : singer)
  • Action/Object (fly : airplane :: drive : car)
  • Item/Purpose (knife : cut :: ruler : measure)
  • Product/Worker (poet : poem :: baker : pie)
Analogies List: width=

View the Common Core State Standards Related to AnalogiesClose

Common Core State Standards Related to Analogies

Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

View Words at a GlanceClose

Elementary School Analogies: big, snow, hand, pencil, apple, cat, happy, milk, ruler, eye

Middle School Analogies: gigantic, anxious, blustery, thermometer, chameleon, barren, staff, drizzle, fiction, digestion

High School Analogies: carnivore, abhor, placid, laceration, adulation, hone, democracy, Confederacy, milliliter, philanthropist provides word lists, printables, and interactive games and activities that give students the opportunity to explore relationships between words to better understand their meaning. This engaging analogy practice is fun and it works!

Try WhichWord? Sentences with the Elementary School Analogies list.

Analogy Practice Games